Special Issue „The Evolutionary Life Cycle of Sex Chromosomes”

Special Issue „The Evolutionary Life Cycle of Sex Chromosomes”

Special Issue „The Evolutionary Life Cycle of Sex Chromosomes”

A issue that is special of (ISSN 2073-4425). This unique problem belongs towards the part „Population and Evolutionary Genetics and Genomics”.

Unique Problem Information

Intercourse chromosomes represent a component that is specialized of genome. They perform a crucial part in basal procedures such as for example intercourse dedication, but they are additionally frequently associated with emergent evolutionary phenomena such as for instance speciation. Exactly exactly How intercourse chromosomes are created, mature and perish is a significant concern in modern biology that is evolutionary. Intercourse chromosomes are thought to evolve from a regular set of autosomes, originating when an autosome pair acquires a sex-determining function. Just exactly just How and just why this change happens stays mostly unknown. Intercourse chromosomes undergo numerous modifications, such as for example recombination suppression, degeneration by accumulation of repeated DNA and transposons, dosage payment to balance the gene items of degenerated genes, and gene trafficking to and off their chromosomes. This usually yields a set of highly-differentiated chromosomes, certainly one of which exhibits the considerable decay attribute of late-stage intercourse chromosomes. Sooner or later, this decrepit chromosome might even be lost, leading to men and women having different variety of chromosomes. Much stays to be found in regards to the processes that shape sex chromosomes, however the revolution in genomics, transcriptomics as well as other relevant technologies enables us to examine the evolution of intercourse chromosomes in unprecedented information. This dilemma will deal with questions regarding the lifecycle of intercourse chromosomes across various groups that are organismal. < Czytaj więcej about Special Issue „The Evolutionary Life Cycle of Sex Chromosomes”