6. Places when you look at the census
in the last years the quantity of information differs; they might include a summary of roads, and explain the path taken because of the enumerator, however in rural areas the description might just read ‘The entire associated with the parish of …’. From 1891 onwards you will find split parts for a description associated with the boundaries for the ED, as well as for a listing of the roads or dwellings included.
7. Details, homes along with other structures within the census
Exact addresses weren’t needed in 1841, just ‘place’. From 1851 a exact target had been needed, like the house title or quantity, if any. Nevertheless, in rural areas the only information provided nevertheless could be the name for the town or parish. Figures when you look at the left-hand column are itinerary figures, and really should never be seen erroneously as home figures.
Year a note was made of buildings that were uninhabited, or under construction, in every census. In 1891 and 1901 the true wide range of spaces in a dwelling had been detailed, if less than five. In 1911 the wide range of spaces is shown on all home schedules, along with other info is within the Enumerators’ Overview Books, described in section 5, above.
From 1851 to 1901 a census entry for a fresh home is suggested by way of a schedule number that is new. In every census years except 1851 and 1911 the past entry in a building is suggested by way of a dual oblique line //, and where there is certainly one or more home inside a building, they truly are divided by just one oblique line /. In 1851 a relative line is ruled over the web page at the conclusion of the building, or half-way over the web page between households within a building.
Illustration of a census type for vessels. That one ended up being useful for the 1861 census to record the team regarding the HMS Beagle (catalogue guide RG 9/1085).
8. Vessels and organizations when you look at the census
Special enumeration books had been finished for organizations such as for instance workhouses, barracks and hospitals in most census 12 months from 1851, including 1911. Unique schedules for vessels had been introduced in 1851, although none are recognized to endure from that 12 months, therefore in training 1861 had been the year that is first consist of returns through the Royal Navy and merchant delivery, at ocean as well as in ports in the home and abroad. Because of the problems of gathering enumeration publications from vessels in remote ports, shipping comes back are usually incomplete.
In 1861 all returns from the Royal Navy and from vendor vessels have reached the end associated with show, but from then on vessels in house ports are detailed at the conclusion for the districts where they certainly were moored, and just those in international waters are grouped together at the conclusion regarding the show.
There are not any records that are surviving Royal Navy vessels in international waters in 1891.
In 1901 Royal Navy vessels in foreign waters are detailed alphabetically, and there are not any returns for vessels between HMS Amphion and HMS High Flyer. But, a copy that is duplicate of enumeration of HMS Cygnet in 1901 ended up being delivered to the typical enter workplace because of the Admiralty and it is a part of RG 19/20.
The finished census form recording the crew associated with HMS Beagle (catalogue guide RG 9/1085).
1911 had been the very first census where the British Army overseas had been enumerated; formerly there clearly was merely a headcount.
9. Typical census terms and abbreviations
In addition into the terms and abbreviations described below, part 5 and area 7 for this guide describe other conventions found in the censuses.
Relationships (from 1851)
In training, the top for the home ended up being usually the male that is oldest, although not fundamentally. Everybody else, whether spouse, son, anyone or servant else, need to have been described with regards to this individual, but it was not necessarily implemented accurately. In three-generation families young kids may be shown as ‘son’ or ‘daur’ (child) if they are truly the grandchildren associated with the mind. ‘Son (or daughter)-in-law’ can mean a stepchild, plus the husband or wife associated with the head’s very own kids. A boarder is a person who resides in the home it is maybe perhaps perhaps not a family member or servant, while a lodger only rents an available space or spaces, however these terms tend to be utilized interchangeably.
Condition (as mail bride latin to marriage)
Mar or M – married
Unm, Un or U – unmarried (replaced by S for solitary from 1891)
Wid or W – widowed
‘Divorced’ wasn’t a category that is official and will not feature into the analytical tables, but does appear sporadically in this line in later census years.
Rank, occupation or occupation
There were specific instructions on recording additional details for all professions; particularly the careers, the armed forces, general general public servants and anyone tangled up in agriculture or production. Year sometimes the clerks in the Census Office altered or expanded these definitions to assign them to one of the categories in the Registrar General’s classification of occupations for that census.
They are several of the most terms that are common abbreviations based in the ‘Rank career or career’ column:
Ag lab – agricultural labourer
Annuitant – living on earnings from assets
Ap or App – apprentice
FS, MS – found in the 1841 census for ‘female servant’ and ‘male servant’
FWK – also in 1841, for ‘framework knitter’ an occupation that is common the East Midlands
Gentleman – Usually denotes somebody residing on a earnings from assets, or resigned from company, but doesn’t have definition that is official
Ind or Independent – ‘Of independent means’
J – journeyman; an individual who had finished an apprenticeship but had not been a master having company and apprentices of these own
Pensioner – often means an army pensioner; other styles of pensioner are often defined as such, including Greenwich Pensioner (naval pensioner), authorities pensioner an such like. Later years retirement benefits had been introduced in 1908, and so the term age that is‘old’ seems the very first time in 1911
10. Why can’t we find my ancestor when you look at the census?
there are numerous reasons that explain why you may perhaps perhaps maybe not find somebody into the census. Browse our post ‘Missing through the census?’ or watch our webinar, also called ‘Missing through the census?’, to see exactly just just how information is missed or changed, also to discover methods for more searching that is successful.
There are several pages lacking from all censuses, but 1861 has suffered many.
Lacking from 1861 census
You may use The nationwide Archives catalogue to discover which parishes or districts are recognized to be missing through the 1861 census. Make use of the keyword ‘missing’ to search within series RG 9 within our catalogue. You can determine pages that are considered to be lacking within some enumeration districts using the phrase that is exact pages’ within RG 9.
Lacking from 1841 census: Wrexham
The 1841 census returns for the entire enrollment region of Wrexham, Denbighshire, had been thought to be lacking. But, the initial enumeration publications when it comes to city of Wrexham had been found in a bookshop, and tend to be now deposited within the Denbighshire Archives. an indexed transcript has been posted because of the Clwyd genealogy and family history Society, and a duplicate can be obtained during the National Archives.
Lacking off their censuses
As because of the 1861 census, you need to use our catalogue to locate the record show for just about any other census 12 months to discover more on entire parishes or districts being considered to be lacking, but in comparison to 1861 there clearly was less information about odd pages that are missing. Usage section 11 to ascertain which National Archives record series to search within and search utilising the expressed word‘missing’.
To get more help with just how to search our catalogue, browse Discovery search assistance.